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On the finish of August, Ukraine launched its first large counter-attack since Russia’s full assault on the nation started in February, and got here regardless of Kyiv’s repeated complaints that the military lacked ample heavy western weaponry to make a decisive strike.
The advance liberated 3,000 sq. kilometres in just six days — Ukraine’s greatest victory because it pushed Russian troops again from the capital in March.
One in all President Volodymyr Zelenskyy’s different acknowledged goals is to recover Kherson, a regional capital with a strategic place on the Dnipro river that Moscow’s forces captured in March after they swept north from Russian-held Crimea.
Different key maps and charts from the struggle
The shift within the battle’s focus in the direction of the Donbas area follows Russia’s failure to seize Kyiv through the first part of the struggle. Earlier than Ukraine’s fast counter-offensive, marginal Russian features within the east steered the struggle was coming into a interval of stalemate.
The Russians had been thwarted in Kyiv by a mixture of things, together with geography, the attackers’ blundering and trendy arms — in addition to Ukraine’s ingenuity with smartphones and pieces of foam mat.
The variety of Ukrainians fleeing the battle makes it one of many largest refugee crises in trendy historical past.
In mid-March, an attack on a Ukrainian military base, which had been utilized by US troops to coach Ukrainian troopers, added to Russia’s more and more direct threats that Nato’s continued help of Ukraine risked making it an enemy combatant within the struggle. On March 24, Nato agreed to determine 4 new multinational battle teams in Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia so as to add to troops in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
Sources: Institute for the Study of War, Rochan Consulting, FT analysis
Cartography and improvement by Steve Bernard, Chris Campbell, Caitlin Gilbert, Emma Lewis, Joanna S Kao, Sam Learner, Ændra Rininsland, Niko Kommenda, Alan Smith, Martin Stabe, Neggeen Sadid and Liz Faunce. Based mostly on reporting by Roman Olearchyk and John Reed in Kyiv, Guy Chazan in Lviv, Henry Foy in Brussels and Neggeen Sadid in London.
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